Birds began to settle on the territory around Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant in India


Birds, including rare grey pelicans, began to settle on the territory around the main object of Russian-Indian cooperation in the field of nuclear energy - Kudankulam NPP in the southern state of Tamil Nadu. Local citizens say that before construction of NPP there were no birds in these places.


“Until the moment of construction of the plant the land in this area was cracked, the only vegetation was cactus and thornbush. Diversity of the landscape added huge termite mounds. There were almost no birds there,” said one of local residents. The point is that the construction of Kudankulam NPP was preceded by work on landscaping of the plant territory and the nearby area. - Indian regulatory authority gave permission to startup of Kudankulam NPP. “As a result “the rains returned, the trees have grown and the birds came” to the area”, he added. Settlement of the atomic scientists Anuvijay at Kudankulam NPP was founded in 2001 in eight kilometers to the west from the plant on the ocean shore. Territory of the settlement passes the mainstream of a seasonal river Uppar. As a result of work on improvement of its banks and regulation of its flow within the settlement was formed a long pond with length of about two kilometers and width of 20 meters. Before improvement of the river banks in its small delta filled with salted water could be occasionally seen local inhabitants - sandpipers, white and grey herons, painted storks. Expansion of waters of the pond in 2003 and intensive gardening have positive impact on the diversity of bird population. Already in 2007-2008 you could see up to hundreds of different species of birds in the settlement. Colony of grey pelicans grew quite quickly. If in 2006 there dwelt only six individuals, currently there are more than 40. According to various sources, there are five to 20 thousand individuals worldwide. Nestlings of grey pelican. 


Russian atomic scientists have repeatedly noted that in the draft of Kudankulam NPP special attention was paid to safety of biological diversity and wealth of adjacent waters of Gulf of Mannar. So stationary sea water intake of cooling water has special fish-protecting structures preserving not only fish, but also its nutritional base plankton. Kudankulam NPP is being built with technical assistance of Russia in accordance with the Intergovernmental agreement of 1988 and a Supplement to it from 1998. – “Russia and India: new horizons of strategic partnership in the XXI century”. Russian and Indian experts have practically agreed project of construction of the plant’s second phase. The parties are ready to continue cooperation in this field: there are agreements of construction in India up to 16 power units on Russian projects. The regulatory body for nuclear energy in India (Atomic Energy Regulatory Board) has already given permission to start the first power unit of Kudankulam NPP. Now there are conducted the preparatory works.




Source: Golos Rossii