Project History

Turkey’s intention to build a nuclear power plant on its land dates back to the 1960s. In 1955, Turkey became one of the first countries to sign the "Agreement For Cooperation Concerning Civil Uses of Atomic Energy Between the Government of Turkey and the USA" Immediately after that, the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority was created taking the initiative for scientific and technical development of the state, and it began training personnel.

 

The first research on the creation of a nuclear power plant began in 1965.

 

In 1974, the Akkuyu site in the Gulnar district of Mersin province was considered suitable for the creation of the first nuclear power plant.

 

Until 1976, detailed land surveys were conducted there, and as a result of the observations, the site obtained a license to build a nuclear power plant.

 

After a long break due to financial and political reasons, Turkey decided to turn to Russia's many years of experience in the field of nuclear technology.

 

The countries made a joint decision that Akkuyu nuclear power plant (translated from Turkish as “white well” / “clean spring”) would be built in the Republic of Turkey on the Mediterranean coast in the Gulnar district of Mersin. The relevant agreement was signed between the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Turkey in Ankara on May 12, 2010.

 

On December 13, 2010, AKKUYU NUCLEAR Joint-Stock Company was incorporated to implement the project to create the first Turkish nuclear power plant in the Republic of Turkey.

 

In December 2014, the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization of the Republic of Turkey approved the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report for the "Akkuyu" NPP construction project.

 

The ceremony of laying the foundation of the offshore structures of the nuclear power plant was held in April 2015.

 

On June 25, 2015, the Turkish Energy Market Regulatory Authority issued AKKUYU NUCLEAR JSC a preliminary license for electricity generation.

 

On June 29, 2015, a contract was signed with the Turkish company Cengiz İnşaat to design and build the offshore hydraulic engineering structures of the nuclear power plant.

 

In February 2017, the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK) approved the design parameters for the Akkuyu NPP site.

 

On June 15, 2017, the Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EPDK) issued AKKUYU NUCLEAR JSC a license to generate electricity valid until June 15, 2066 (49 years).

 

On October 20, 2017, the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority issued a limited work permit to AKKUYU NUCLEAR JSC which was a significant step on the way to the NPP Construction License.

 

On December 10, 2017, a solemn ceremony of construction commencement took place at the Akkuyu NPP site within the framework of the limited work permit. Under the LWP, construction and installation work is under way at all facilities of the nuclear power plant, except for buildings and structures related to the safety of the "nuclear island". AKKUYU NUCLEAR JSC is closely cooperating with the Turkish side on licensing issues.

 

On April 2, 2018, AKKUYU NUCLEAR JSC received the full status of a strategic investor in the Republic of Turkey. An updated strategic investment certificate was issued based on the law on the status of "Strategic Investment", that had entered into force on March 27, 2018. The status of a strategic investor provides for tax and customs benefits.

 

On April 2, 2018, the Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK) granted AKKUYU NUCLEAR JSC the main construction license to build Power Unit No. 1.

 

On April 3, 2018, a solemn ceremony of pouring “first concrete” into the foundation of the first power unit of Akkuyu NPP was held with the participation of the Presidents of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Turkey. The ceremony became an official kick-off of full-scale construction work on the first NPP power unit.

 

November 30, 2018 TAEK issued AKKUYU NUCLEAR JSC a limited work permit for the construction of Power Unit No. 2 of Akkuyu NPP.

 

In January 2019, began excavation works of the foundation pit for the facilities of Power Unit No. 2 within the framework of the received LWP.

 

On March 8, 2019, concreting of the foundation of the reactor building of Power Unit No. 1 was completed.

 

On March 29, 2019, a package of documents was sent to TAEK to obtain a license to build Power Unit No. 3 of Akkuyu NPP.

 

The construction was completed, and in May 2019, the permission for the operation of the Eastern (Vostochny) Cargo Terminal was obtained from the Ministry of Transport, Shipping and Communications of the Republic of Turkey. The terminal is designed to receive bulky cargoes, building materials and equipment, including components of reactor blocks, at the construction stages and further during the operation of the future nuclear power plant.

 

On August 26, 2019, by the decision of the Board of the Turkish Nuclear Regulatory Agency (NDK), AKKUYU NUCLEAR JSC was issued the main construction license for Power Unit No. 2 of Akkuyu NPP.

 

The license grants a permit to commence full-scale construction work on all the facilities of the power unit.

 

The next stage of the project development from the point of view of the necessary permits is obtaining a license to build Power Unit No. 3. The license application is under consideration by the NDK.

 

Landforming of the Akkuyu NPP site has been completed. Work continues on reinforcing and concreting the walls of the reactor building of Power Unit No. 1, preparations are underway for installation of large-sized equipment. The construction of temporary buildings of construction bases is ongoing, an office and amenity building is being erected.

 

Construction work is under way on the catch-water drains, as well as on accommodation of the territory and roads.

 

Work at the construction site of the power plant is being performed in compliance with all the Turkish, Russian and international quality and safety requirements, under the constant supervision of AKKUYU NUCLEAR JSC, independent inspection organizations such as the French company Assystem, Bureau Veritas, Turkish Institute of Standards (TSE) and the Nuclear Regulatory Agency (NDK).

 

The project of the first nuclear power plant in Turkey includes four power units equipped with the state-of-the art Russian-designed VVER-1200 reactors with a total capacity of 4800 megawatts. It is planned that after the construction is completed, Akkuyu NPP will produce about 35 billion kWh per year, providing approximately 10% of Turkey's electricity needs.

 

This is a series nuclear power plant design based on Novovoronezh NPP-2 (Voronezh Region, Russia). The estimated service life of Akkuyu NPP is 60 years with possibility of extension for another 20 years, which paves the way for development of the region in the long run, providing jobs and access to a stable source of green electricity for residents of Turkey and enterprises of the Turkish economy for many years to come.

 

The Akkuyu NPP construction project is the world's first NPP project implemented according to the BOO model (Build - Own - Operate). This means that the operating company is responsible not only for the design and construction, but also for the maintenance, operation and decommissioning of the station. Such a model, among other things, is an additional guarantee of construction quality, since the company of the industry will also operate it in the future.

 

The nuclear power plant construction project is the largest joint venture between Russia and Turkey.